Working with csv and xlsx files using powershell Part-1

This is a part of series of posts to discuss various operations that can be done on .csv and .xlsx files using powershell.

Changing delimiter of csv file:

Import-Csv -Delimiter "," -Path $p|Export-Csv -Delimiter ";" -Path $p1 -NoTypeInformation

Replacing a character from a column in csv file:

Import-Csv -Delimiter ";" -Path $p1 -Header "1","2","3"|
Select-Object *| ForEach-Object {
"{0};{1};{2}" -f $_.1,($_.2).replace("Mr.",""),$_.3>> $p2

Removing header from a csv file:

Import-Csv -Delimiter ";" -Path $p2 -Header "1","2","3"|
Select-Object -Skip 1 >> $p3

Inserting headers in a headerless csv file:

import-csv -Delimiter ";" -Path $p4 -Header "Team","Player name","Status"|
Export-Csv -Delimiter ";" -Path $p5 -NoTypeInformation

Converting csv into xlsx file:

# Create a new Excel workbook with one empty sheet
[threading.thread]::CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = 'en-US'
$excel = New-Object -ComObject excel.application
$workbook = $excel.Workbooks.Add(1)
$worksheet = $workbook.worksheets.Item(1)

# Build the QueryTables.Add command and reformat the data
$TxtConnector = ("TEXT;" + $p5)
$Connector = $worksheet.QueryTables.add($TxtConnector,$worksheet.Range("A1"))
$query = $worksheet.QueryTables.item($
$query.TextFileOtherDelimiter = $delimiter
$query.TextFileParseType = 1
$query.TextFileColumnDataTypes = ,1 * $worksheet.Cells.Columns.Count
$query.AdjustColumnWidth = 1

# Execute & delete the import query

# Save & close the Workbook as XLSX.

Filter columns of an excel file:

Now we will make use of a module PSExcel which makes data manipulation very easy.

import-module "C:\Program Files (x86)\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\PSExcel-master\PSExcel"

[threading.thread]::CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = 'en-US'

Import-XLSX $xlsx -sheet Sheet1 |
Where-Object {($_.'Team' -in @("KKR","KVIP","CSK"))`
-and ($_.'Status' -notin @("bench","not selected"))}|
Export-XLSX $xlsx1

Create Pivot table from a worksheet of an excel file:

Import-XLSX $xlsx1 -sheet Sheet1 |
Export-XLSX $xlsx2 -PivotRows "Team" -PivotColumns "Status" -PivotValues "Player name" -ChartType pie

Merging 2 excel worksheets over a common column

$lt = Import-XLSX $xlsx1 -Sheet Sheet2 -header "Name","Employee Number","Department"

$rt = Import-XLSX $xlsx2 -Sheet Worksheet2 -header "Name","Salary"

Join-Object -Left $lt -Right $rt -LeftJoinProperty "Name" -RightJoinProperty "Name" -type AllInBoth -RightProperties "Salary"|
Export-XLSX $xlsx3 -WorksheetName Mergedoutput

The other options of joining are:

1> -AllInLeft

2> -AllInRight

3> -AllInBoth

4> -OnlyIfInBoth

I’ll try to explore more operations that can be done specifically with xlsx files in part-2 of this series.


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